“When I walked in the door of this studio I choked up. It is beautiful – the mats on the walls, the colours of the dyed swatches, the light – and most of all, the faces of the owners. Open, warm, welcoming faces that say, ‘We’re so glad you’re here.’ I felt I’d come home.” Janet Barkhouse
Coastal Lighthouse Rug Hooking
A Travelling Exhibit of the Rug Hooking Guild of Nova Scotia
In 2012 the members of the Rug Hooking Guild of Nova Scotia decided that they would like to curate a travelling hooked rug show, and various themes were discussed. One theme was the major role lighthouses play in so many communities in Nova Scotia and Atlantic Canada. Unfortunately, with the recent decline in support for the lighthouses, many communities have taken on the responsibilities of caring for their lighthouses themselves. These lighthouses have so much meaning it is with great sadness that they are no longer being looked after and/or demolished.
To help preserve some of the history of the lighthouses, the Guild decided that the theme for their rug show would be “Lighthouses”. To submit a hooked rug depicting a lighthouse, all entrants must be member of the Guild. Each submission accompanied a write-up from the artist who hooked the piece, telling a bit about the lighthouse. The rugs are all within the required dimensions and have a sleeve on the back with a rod to hang it.
Now in – Magic Carpet dyes
They’re back in stock! It is the middle of winter — time to add some colour to your life?
2016 Rug Hooking Adventure in Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific!
March 30, 2016 to April 12, 2016
Sail Sydney return on Royal Caribbean Cruise Line’s Explorer of the Seas
Join Heather Horsfall and Susie Stephenson for a 13-night cruise on the beautiful Explorer of the Seas for an exciting rug hooking and art programme. Take in the pre-cruise tour and visit resort area Mollymook for a hook-in with your Australian counterparts! No matter what level of hooker or artist, or whether you travel alone or with a partner, you’ll improve your technique, make new friends and have fun!
- Rug Hooking and Art Workshops 6 Days At Sea
- Afternoon Hook-Ins 6 Days at Sea
- Private Cocktail Party
- Excellent Group Rates Including All Fees and Taxes
Heather Horsfall and Susie Stephenson have led three Rug Hooking Adventures in Alaska, Western Mediterranean and Eastern Mediterranean. They lead workshops at home and abroad several times a year.
Susie is a folk, fiber, and rug hooking artist who owns Stephenson Fiber Arts, a rug hooking studio in Edgecomb, Maine. She and her husband, Tom, have a farm where they raise Jacob Sheep and Angora Goats.
Heather hooks and teaches art in Nova Scotia. She has a background in visual art and administration. She hosts creative adventures in the three places she and her partner call home, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Baja, Mexico.
Each year Anne Murray pays a visit to Suzanne Conrod’s Hooked Rug Shop in Chester to buy a piece of hooking. This year her visit took her to the “Hooked Rug Museum of North America” in Queensland. Anne is pictured here with Suzanne holding her purchase.
The piece is a Moose River Rug Hooking Studio design hooked by Barbara Surette of Yarmouth.
Rug Hooking: A Traditional Craft Alive and Well in Nova Scotia
What is rug hooking?
Rug hooking is both a craft and an art in which rugs are made by pulling strips of wool fabric or wool yarn through a backing such as burlap, linen or rug warp. Rug hooking first appeared in Nova Scotia in the mid 1800s when burlap arrived on the market as bags for grains. The burlap bags were reused as a backing for hand hooked rugs. Long narrow strips torn from salvaged clothing were hooked into the burlap with tools fashioned from nails shaped into a hook then hammered into handles of wood, bone or antler. Rug hooking is as popular today as ever.
What tools will I need?
You will need a hook, a frame (or hoop) and scissors. Hooks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. If possible, try a few to find which one you prefer. Frames also come in a variety of designs and once again, it is a matter of personal preference. When you are starting out, a simple hoop will do fine. You will also need a pair of scissors to snip off the ends of the wool.
Traditionally, 100% wool is recommended for hooked rugs. It dyes well and will not dull the blades of your cutter. Many people use recycled wool from clothing and others use new wool. Hooking with wool yarn is also popular. If you use other materials, cut the strips with scissors as anything less than 80% wool will dull the blades of your cutter.
When determining how much wool you will need, the rule of thumb is that you will need 4 times the area you wish to cover.
How do I cut wool into strips for hooking?
The wool is usually cut on a cutter which can be purchased with your choice of standard cutter width blades. The blades are numbered from #3 which is 3/32″ wide to the widest #8 which is 1/4″ (8/32) wide. More primitive rugs are hooked with a #8 cut while more realistic rugs with fine detail often use a #3 or #4 cut. The width of the wool strips you use is a personal preference. You can purchase extra blades for the different widths strips that you want to cut. Some people prefer to use scissors because they like the primitive results.
There are a few different kinds of backing available. Many people use linen but burlap is also widely used. Other backing materials include rug warp and monk’s cloth. Once again, the kind of backing you choose to use is a personal preference.
Once your pattern is traced onto the backing of your choice you are ready to start hooking. Hold the hook in your right hand (or left hand if you are left-handed) above the surface of the backing fabric with the wool or fabric strip in your opposite hand under the frame. Stick the hook down through the opening where you want to begin your work and pull up a loop. A rule of thumb is that the height of the hoop should be approximately the same as the width of the wool strip. Pull wool strip (or wool yarn) up and down in this manner until you reach the end of the strip. Start the next strip in the same hole. Later you will trim all the ends that are sticking up.
Start with an outline and fill in toward the center of the portion of the design you are hooking. Do not hook in every hole otherwise your work will bulge. Hook so that the hoops are not crammed together but not so far apart that the backing is showing. You should hook just inside your pattern outline, otherwise your design will be a lot larger that you intended. Hook your background last… it should complement the design – not be the focal point.
Most important of all – hook in the style of the hooked pieces you have seen and love!
Thanks to Amy Oxford for the illustration. http://amyoxford.com
Moose River Hooker Cookies (Oatcakes)
3 cups flour
3 cups oatmeal
1 cup sugar
1 lb 20/80 spread or butter
1 tsp baking soda
1/4 cup water
Mix above ingredients well. Divide in half. Sprinkle 12 x 15 cookie sheet with bran. Roll 1/2 of dough flat with rolling pin. Sprinkle top with bran. (Same for other half.) Bake at 350 for 20 min.